Archive for the ‘Runners – Injuries and exercises’ Category

By the law of averages, most of us are typically, profoundly average!! But most of us tend to pretend otherwise and it’s an exhausting facade. Most of us will never be more than average. Can we be content with that? We are all born with different aptitudes and potentials. We all have our own strengths and weaknesses. Even if someone excels in one area the chances are they’re pretty average or below average at most other things. That’s just the nature of life. To become truly great at something, you have to dedicate time and energy to it. And because we all have limited time and energy, few of us ever become truly exceptional at more than one thing, if anything at all.  Our culture, driven by social media, now values high achievement and expects it in every area of our lives. We need brilliant careers, accomplished children, perfect bodies, and financial affluence. It is almost reprehensible to be satisfied with “just enough”. “Mediocre” is a dirty word and one we are intolerant of, particularly in this social media generation who tend to treat our Facebook, twitter and snapchat feeds as a shop window for our achievement-rich lives.

There is an expectation in running, as in life, that we should consistently progress and develop ourselves. But in reality, like in life, most of us get stuck in mediocrity because people’s performance follows the “Bell Curve”. The Bell Curve represents what statisticians call a “normal distribution” there will be a small number of very high performers and an equivalent number of very low performers” with the bulk of people clustered near the average.

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The “Bell Curve”

We have the right runners, we master the GPS watch, we commit to the training processes, we gather and analyze the endless data drivel, and yet we reach a point we at which we plateau and don’t improve. I haven’t run a personal record at any distance in 2 years – no triumph in two years! As disheartening as this may sound I’m not discouraged because I don’t regard achievement as the yardstick against which I measure success. Achievement is not a bad thing, it’s just not necessary in every moment or facet of our lives. So even though I may never strive to be average, for the moment it appears I am content to hover in between mediocrity and success, and it’s a comfortable place to be because being better doesn’t always matter.

Nice people don’t cheat… no they do, they just don’t get caught. We are all capable of unethical behaviour, we consider the profit it may bring, the possibility of being caught and the scale of possible punishment.  We are more likely to cheat when we can benefit more from it, when there is no witnesses and the punishments are mild (Becker, 1968).  Athletes go through the cost-benefit analysis of cheating by rationalization. And some believe the consequences, both organizational and to their own health, is lower than the performance benefit of doping.

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Ben Johnson winning the 1988 100m Olympic final before being disqualified for using anablic steroids

In Sport only professional athletes cheat by using performance enhancing drugs, they are the only people with anything to gain? We criticize them and blame our growing cynicism with success in sport on professional athletes’ propensity to dope. But to feel that any sport is above or beyond doping is not only naive and gullible, it’s dangerous. Each sport relies on the moral compass of its athletes to determine their course, and historically athletes in all sports have not been the most trustworthy. So why would the GAA athletes be any different, is their moral guidance superior; are they immune from the temptations that athletes in other sports experience? Why is the governing body willing to keep positive tests under wraps to avoid potential scandals? Just like professional athletes amateurs are completely wrapped up in their competitive identity. And the reality is amateur athletes dope too. The danger is, that by choosing to brush even one failed test under the carpet, the sport has been irreversibly damaged. Whether it is an accidental failure or due to a systematic doping programme is irrelevant, the fact is that doping of any kind gives the recipient an unfair advantage over clean competitors. The sales of performance enhancing drugs are growing all over the world because it allows amateurs mimic the performances and physiques of their professional counterparts, and historically no sport has had a drugs problem until they end up with a bad one.

The best-known drugs for increasing strength and power are anabolic steroids, these compounds imitate the way testosterone works in the body, activating protein synthesis and building more muscle tissue. A course of steroids combined with training can translate to a 38% increase in strength in men, potentially more in women. Human growth hormone is another popular choice amongst dopers; this stimulates muscle growth and has been shown to increase sprinting speed by up to 4% (Meinhardt et al., 2010). To improve endurance the aim is to boost the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood and athletes can get dramatic results from blood cell transfusions or taking erythropoietin (EPO) and can improve stamina by up to 34 % in some cases (Buick et al., 1980; Williams et al., 1981). Researchers in Germany discovered that 15% of three thousand triathletes (amateurs) surveyed admitted to brain doping – using prescription medicines that increase attention concentration, memory, cognition and overall mental performance. Taking drug products including amphetamines, or medicines like modafinil or methylphenidate to enhance the brain is more fashionable among amateur athletes than taking drugs to boost power, strength and endurance. In the same study 13% said they had taken drugs like EPO, steroids, or growth hormones (HGH) (Dietz et al., 2013). These drugs not only have a reputation for improving athletic performance but also have potentially dangerous side effects. Steroids can cause high blood pressure, thickening of the heart valves, decreased fertility and libido, and changes such as chest hair in women and shrunken testicles in men. And boosting the number of red blood cells thickens the blood, increasing the risk of having a stroke amongst other things.

Athletes, both professional and amateur, will always have the desire to push the edge whether that is for money, recognition or both.  They must decide whether they are to compete honestly and safely but at a possible disadvantage. But anyone that has trained for a goal knows it is a test in the ability to persist and postpone the short-term satisfaction of stopping, in favour of achieving.  In today’s fast paced world instant gratification is the norm, patience and hard work is undervalued and not tolerated. Sometimes in the effort to win at all costs even “nice” people ignore their moral compass and push beyond their natural limits to be “faster, higher, stronger”.

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References

Becker GS. (1968). Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach. Journal of Political Economy 76, 169-217.

 

Buick FJ, Gledhill N, Froese AB, Spriet L & Meyers EC. (1980). Effect of induced erythrocythemia on aerobic work capacity. Journal of Applied Physiology 48, 636-642.

 

Dietz P, Ulrich R, Dalaker R, Striegel H, Franke AG, Lieb K & Simon P. (2013). Associations between physical and cognitive doping–a cross-sectional study in 2.997 triathletes. PLoS One 8, e78702.

 

Meinhardt U, Nelson AE, Hansen JL, Birzniece V, Clifford D, Leung KC, Graham K & Ho KK. (2010). The effects of growth hormone on body composition and physical performance in recreational athletes: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med 152, 568-577.

 

Williams MH, Wesseldine S, Somma T & Schuster R. (1981). The effect of induced erythrocythemia upon 5-mile treadmill run time. Med Sci Sports Exerc 13, 169-175.